Professor Butler's essay considers why artists are drawn to social media. She writes that people experience the feeling of being loved from their smartphones. "Each ding or buzz indicates that someone is retweeting our tweets, sending us a note or 'liking' our status on Facebook. An iPhone doesn't actually give us the love, but it transmits it."
To read Professor Butler's entire essay, visit www.writing.upenn.edu/epc/meaning/. The essay also is accessible via Kindle or other e-book formats.